Benign prostatic hypertrophy
Benign prostatic hypertrophy consists in an enlargement of the prostate gland. In advanced age, the central portion of the prostate gland tend to excessively enlarge its dimension. After some years, the prostate gland can reach the dimension of an orange. Benign prostatic hypertrophy causes an increase of urination frequency, both diurnal and nocturnal (pollakiuria and nocturia), and causes also a sensation of incomplete voiding during urination, even reaching an acute urinary retention.
Causes and effects
BPH etiology is still unknown. There are some schools of thought which state that urinations, ejaculations and inflammations can cause micro trauma that liberate a substance from prostatic tissues that is able to increase the near glands. A Key role is played by the hormonal arrangement that is created through the years. BPH can potentially start in the 30s, but it may develop with different modes and speed subject to subject; anyway, BPH is a disease that appears more frequently from the 50s and over.